Elements of personalized eLearning
In essence, personalized eLearning enables students to customize a variety of the elements involved in the online education process. This means that they are asked to set their own goals, go at their own pace, and communicate with instructors and students to personalize the learning process. Ideally, the student is placed in charge of managing his/her own learning and is able to customize the experience by having a direct say in the processes and content that is being provided.
Key elements that are customized in personalized eLearning are: the pace of learning, the instructional approach, and lessons and activities that draw upon the student’s experience and interests. In truly personalized eLearning environments students are given the chance to learn what they want when they want, and even the method of learning! This typically leads to improved learning results.
Mechanics of personalized learning
A great deal of the personalization that is carried out in eLearning settings is based upon feedback. Feedback can either be explicit (in the form of a written suggestion) or implicit (in the form of actions on the system). The feedback can be either manually or automatically processed to help with the personalization of the platform – and ideally this should be an integral part of the learning platform. The transformation of feedback to a personalized system modification is mostly handled through an Artificial Intelligence (AI) subsystem.